.During World War II Shimabuku Tatsuo's reputation as a Master of Okinawa te caused the Japanese occupation forces to take him into custody and force him to teach. It was during this period that he formulated the methods which later came to be known as Isshinryu.
He decided to combine certain aspects of the various systems which he found most practical for his own use and discarded those which were not suited to his physical structure and concepts of combat. He chose certain forms of the Goju system, but the basis in both form and performance is the Kobayashi Shorin system. He also incorporated the most advanced Bojutsu systems, which he studied under Masters Hirara Shinken and Yabe Kumoden. The outstanding feature of his system was the exclusive use of the short vertical fist punch and the rapid delivery of technique in combination.
In 1957, Master Don Nagle, a student of Master Shimabuku began teaching Isshinryu Karate in the U.S. Of his original students, four of his most promising went on to spread the system in the East and Mid-West: James Chapman, Ryzard Neimoira, Robert Murphy, and Gary Alexander.
Soke Murphy began his study of the Martial Arts, with JuJutsu and Judo, as a member of the Marine Corp in 1954. His interest in the Martial Arts led him to seek a greater understanding of the principles and philosophies through the study of various arts and systems; Tang Soo Do, Hung Shaolin Gung-fu, Bak Hak Pai Chuan-fa, Shorinjiryu, Aikijutsu and several Robujutsu Systems.
In 1965, he was awarded Fourth Dan, and in 1967 Fifth Dan by Master Nagle. In 1969 Master Shimabuku awarded him Masters certification in Isshinryu Karate and Kobujutsu Arts. In 1962 he resigned as director of the Isshando Karate Assn. to open his own training halls, the Academies of Martial Arts in North Bergen, Weehawken, and Hoboken, N. J.
Soke Murphy became Headmaster of the International Institute of Judo and Karate in 1965 and held that post until 1970. He also joined the faculty of the College of Saint Elizabeth and Fairleigh Dickinson University and established two of the largest karate groups in the U.S. In these and in Middlesex County College Karate has become an accredited course of study.
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